Tiflis at the end of the 19th century… A mix of the East and West… Camels and snake charmers on the one hand and European architecture and delicacies on the other side... Telephone appears in the city – not so widely spread, not in everyday life, but it is there.

Electric lighting also appears but it is only for the chosen few. Operettas can be heard in summer gardens. Germans, French, Austrians and Italians visit in terms of various tours. Music is all around. Its sound comes from the houses too.

Miscellaneous gramophones and symphonies are alternating. Circus is widely liked and enjoyed as well. Announcements offer astonishing spectacles to the viewers.


Russian Empire is defeated by Japan. The country tries to regain its composure by reforms. Students who have travelled around Europe are in search of ways to improve and correct the world which eventually leads to the 1905 Revolution.

Despite the aforementioned background, the city still manages to maintain its rhythm: the main entertainment in Tiflis is the competitions between the aviators; going up in the sky with air balloons and taking donkeys or anyone who is willing with them.

This is the favorite entertainment and a funny spectacle; gardens are competing with one another in firework shows and playing music.


Cinema appears in Tiflis: several cinemas and silent movies along with the pianists providing accompaniment. In a short while, however, there is no time left for this.

The First World War breaks out. Frontline can be felt in Tiflis as well. This is followed by a revolution which changes one-sixth of the world entirely. There is no king anymore.

Several governments alternate and finally the Bolshevik Party assumes power, establishing its completely different rules. Georgia declares its independence for a very short period of time.


Foundations for industrialization and collectivization are laid. The full electrification of the country is stated as one of the goals. This is the period of the beginning of gigantic construction projects.

The construction of large hydro power plants and tractor factories are set out in five-year plans. These five-year periods are the new way of calculating time. Communal apartments appear and the proletariat receives their rightful rooms there. There are often two families in a single room – dividing the rooms with privacy screens is anything but rare.

More and more people become interested in doing gymnastics and playing football. Dynamo Football Club is formed.


Collectivization continues. Giant factories and irrigation canals are being built all around the country. This is the era of new challenges: smelting as much steel as possible and mining record amounts of coal. Implementation of numerous large-scale projects is planned.

A new wave of repressions hits at the same time. Cinema has finally acquired sound. New life, heroic and joyful news can now be seen in the movies. Photos of the characters from movie posters can now be found on the wardrobes and briefcases of the citizens. The Second World War begins.


The Second World War… The largest-scale war that has ever happened… The whole world is involved. Talons are used for bread. Matsoni sellers still visit the city with their donkeys. Then there is victory, new hopes and new constructions.

Factories are being dismantled in Germany and put back together in the Soviet Empire. The so-called trophy movies with Russian subtitles overwhelm the cinemas. The architecture becomes larger-scale as well. Cold War begins.


TVs appear. A completely new world enters the houses of the citizens. Not everywhere, not very colorful but the cinema moves to the houses. This is the beginning of grandiose designs and projects. Boom, this is laying the train tracks in Siberia and plowing the prairies of Kazakhstan.

People are being mobilized for this purpose. People are brought from the mountains and employed in the factories. The population of the city grows on their expense. The cinema is involved in documenting this process as well.


New architecture catches on. People move from communal apartments into their own, small-size flats, the so-called Khrushchevkas, where they have their own bathrooms. This sets entirely new horizons for the citizens. Large scale projects and making use of new lands continue.

The first man, Yuri Gagarin, goes to space. Being a cosmonaut is every child’s dream. Translating and publishing the world literature is underway. Bookshelves are becoming full of volumes of foreign writers. Rarely can you find a house where there is no bearded Hemingway on a bookshelf.

Cinema is still popular but other films, which change the consciousness of young people, appear as well: The Magnificent Seven is like a lightning strike. It changes everything: manner of walking, clothes, language. The influence is great. The seed dropped now bears fruit later.


Military potential grows again. The imaginary well-being of Brezhnev’s governance. The existence of a western lifestyle reaches the consciousness of the people more and more.

The idea that entirely different things are happening there, abroad... Clothes, behavior and appearance are all different. Western music firmly establishes itself.


Transformation. There is an attempt to transform everything to a different taste. Freedom is now allowed. All this ends with the dissolution of the Soviet Union.


Newborn countries. Difficulties. The time of suddenly becoming rich or poor… The enormous empire is crumbling and time comes to re-distribute its wealth. Old relations are terminated and endeavors to build new connections are underway.


Time has accelerated. The number of information sources is growing. More and more people are using internet. Cell phones are becoming an essential part of life. It’s almost impossible to imagine how humans lived without them before.

The number of cafes and people who go to cafes are increasing. The number of tourists in Tbilisi is also growing. New hotel and hostels are being opened. The country is trying to integrate into Europe.


Number of western companies is growing. Number of youngsters with western higher education is also quite high and they introduce new culture and lifestyle. Technological advances are mesmerizing. They greatly affect everyday life of the people.

Sources of information become more and more diverse as well. Everything changes very fast: thing that was new yesterday is already obsolete today.

About project

The last 125 years of the history in front of you! Join Borjomi and take a wonderful journey through the Georgian families and have a glance on how the environment and lifestyle changes throughout the time. The only things remains is Borjomi. This project was uniquely created for 125th anniversary of Georgian brand of mineral waters – Borjomi. Take a look at past 125 years and feel the heartbeat of the city.